skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 198438 Find in a Library
Title: Violence Exposure and PTSD Among Delinquent Girls (From Trauma and Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, Research, and Interventions, P 109-126, 2002, Ricky Greenwald, ed., -- See NCJ-198433)
Author(s): Jenifer Wood; David W. Foy; Carole A. Goguen; Robert Pynoos; C. Boyd James
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Haworth Maltreatment and Trauma Press
Binghamton, NY 13904-1580
Sale Source: Haworth Maltreatment and Trauma Press
10 Alice Street
Binghamton, NY 13904-1580
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter focuses on the trauma histories and mental health needs of incarcerated girls.
Abstract: The small amount of research that has been done with incarcerated girls to date suggests that many of these girls have histories of trauma and victimization, as well as generally higher levels of associated psychological difficulties than incarcerated boys. This study used data obtained from 100 incarcerated girls. It highlights areas of similarity to and difference from incarcerated boys, including levels of traumatic violence exposure, exposure to unique forms of traumatic violence, psychological symptomatology and risk behaviors associated with violence exposure, and correlates of involvement in serious delinquent activity. Results show that the incarcerated females interviewed described high levels of multiple forms of victimization, within their families of origin, in their relationships with boyfriends, and on the streets. In comparison with incarcerated male adolescents, they reported significantly higher levels of physical punishment and sexual abuse, as well as higher levels of psychological distress, including post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. Females reported high levels of exposure to serious incidents of community violence, including witnessing the homicide of close others. They also engaged in a number of risky drug-related behaviors. Females involved with gangs and guns tended to report higher levels of family dysfunction compared to their incarcerated male counterparts. Females reported more years of gang involvement, on average, than males. Results suggest that, although both male and female incarcerated adolescents are exposed to high levels of violence and display clinically significant levels of psychological distress, such experiences and difficulties are significantly more extreme for girls. Family risk, physical punishment, and low family support are more strongly associated with girls’ involvement in serious delinquent activity. 4 tables, 29 references
Main Term(s): Female inmates; Female juvenile delinquents; Psychological evaluation
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Behavioral science research; Female offenders; Mental health; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.