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NCJ Number: 20046 Find in a Library
Title: MEANING AND EVOLUTION OF THE JURY
Journal: REVUE INTERNATIONALE DE CRIMINOLOGIE ET DE POLICE TECHNIQUE  Volume:24  Issue:2  Dated:(APRIL-JUNE 1970)  Pages:97-120
Author(s): J CRAVEN
Corporate Author: Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique
Switzerland
Date Published: 1970
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique
1211 Geneve 4, Switzerland
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: French
Country: Switzerland
Annotation: THIS ARTICLE ANALYZES THE ORIGINS, FUNCTION, PURPOSE AND EVOLUTION OF THE JURY IN EUROPE IN AN EXAMINATION OF WHETHER THE USE OF JURIES IN ASSIZE COURTS SHOULD BE ELIMINATED.
Abstract: EMPHASIS IS PLACED ON THE MODERN-DAY FUNCTIONS OF THE JURY AND THE RELATIVE RELIABILITY AND VALUE OF JURY VERDICTS. ILLUSTRATED IS HOW THE JURY HAS EVOLVED FROM A MEANS OF DECIDING GUILT OR INNOCENCE OF AN INDIVIDUAL TO THE MODE FOR DECIDING DIFFICULT POINTS OF LAW AND FOR SETTING CRIMINAL PENALTIES. THE AUTHOR ARGUES THAT THE AVERAGE JURY HAS NEITHER THE QUALIFICATIONS OR BACKGROUND TO PERFORM THESE FUNCTIONS AND SHOULD BE REPLACED BY A SYSTEM OF PROFESSIONAL MAGISTRATES, SPECIALIZING IN CRIMINOLOGY, SOCIOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY, AND CRIMINAL PSYCHIATRY, TO HEAR AND DECIDE CASES. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS PROVIDED. --IN FRENCH
Index Term(s): Belgium; Critiques; England; France; Juries; Reform; Switzerland
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=20046

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