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NCJ Number: 201783 Find in a Library
Title: Policing Gangs and Youth Violence
Editor(s): Scott H. Decker
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 311
Sponsoring Agency: Wadsworth Publishing Co
Belmont, CA 94002
Publication Number: ISBN 0-534-59841-2
Sale Source: Wadsworth Publishing Co
20 Davis Drive
Belmont, CA 94002
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book describes and analyzes the various ways in which cities have addressed youth gangs and violence under the principles of community policing and problem solving.
Abstract: Two introductory chapters provide an overview of how community policing and problem solving have been used to address gang problems, with one chapter focusing on the role of police gang units in community policing. Five chapters present case studies of the strategies that five cities have used in applying problem solving approaches to gangs and youth violence. Operation Ceasefire in Boston was a problem solving initiative designed to address gun violence. Based on an analysis of the problem of youth gun violence in the city and the cooperation of criminal justice agencies, Operation Ceasefire focused on countering trafficking in illegal firearms and intensifying the police and prosecutorial responses to violent crimes by members of youth gangs. Through problem solving methods, the city of Indianapolis identified a link between violent crime and gangs and became a participant in the Anti-Gang Initiative of the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. A key element of this project was training all officers about gangs and gang identification. Further, through the creation of the Indianapolis Violence Reduction Partnership, a working group of criminal justice officials developed interventions that focused on the arrest and Federal prosecution of violent gang members. The Los Angeles' approach to youth and gang violence involved a modification of the Boston Ceasefire project. It consisted of both an intensification of law enforcement and court responses to violent crimes by youth gangs and the expansion of services and positive activities for youth in targeted neighborhoods. The approach to gang violence in Chicago focused on drug dealing and violence centered in multiunit dwellings. It involved the eliciting of the cooperation of building owners in efforts to rid their buildings of gangs and their activities of drug dealing and violence. A community near Seattle, Washington, used the expansion of services and leisure activities for youth as a means of diverting them from delinquent activity in the evenings and on weekends. Four chapters present case studies of suppression-based approaches to gangs and youth violence. The strategies profiled were implemented in St. Louis, Detroit, southern California, and Dallas. These strategies involved the targeting of gang activities for coordinated law enforcement efforts and the aggressive enforcement of curfew and truancy laws (Dallas). A concluding chapter focuses on the need to improve evaluations of gang-related strategies. Chapter references and notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): California; Case studies; Community policing; Gang Prevention; Gang violence; Illinois; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Massachusetts; Michigan; Missouri; Problem-Oriented Policing; Specialized investigative units; Specialized police operations; Texas
Note: From the Wadsworth Contemporary Issues in Crime and Justice Series; for individual chapters, see NCJ-201784-95.
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