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NCJ Number: 204322 Find in a Library
Title: Trends in Transfer of Juveniles to Adult Criminal Court
Corporate Author: Florida Dept of Juvenile Justice
Bureau of Data and Research
United States of America
Date Published: January 8, 2002
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Florida Dept of Juvenile Justice
Tallahassee, FL 32399
Sale Source: Florida Dept of Juvenile Justice
Bureau of Data and Research
2737 Centerview Drive
Tallahassee, FL 32399
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document discusses current trends in juvenile transfer to adult criminal court in Florida.
Abstract: Current research shows that youth that receive sanctions and rehabilitation in Florida’s juvenile justice system have a lower rate of recidivism than their counterparts that are transferred to adult criminal court. Transferred youth were more likely to recidivate than youth retained in the juvenile system and recidivated at a faster rate, with more serous offenses, and with a greater number of offenses. The researchers were asked to take a closer look at offender and offense characteristics that would enable them to match youth retained in the juvenile system to those that had been transferred to adult criminal court more accurately. Using more specific criteria, the researchers refined that sample to 315 “best-matched” pairs. The results showed that 49 percent of the youth transferred recidivated, compared with 37 percent of those that remained in the juvenile justice system. The researchers also examined the 98 pairs in which both youth re-offended. The transferred youth committed a more serious felony or violent crime, while in 24 percent of the pairs the youth retained in the juvenile system committed a more serious crime. The findings of this study, the increase in deep-end capacity and specialized treatment, the continuing improvement of success rates, and the dramatic decline in the number of juveniles transferred to the adult system are evidence that Florida’s juvenile justice system is gaining credibility among prosecutors and judges as an appropriate place to rehabilitate serious juvenile offenders.
Main Term(s): Juvenile recidivists; Serious juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Habitual offenders; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile justice research; Juvenile processing; Ungovernable juveniles; Violent crimes
Note: Downloaded Febuary 24, 2004.
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