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NCJ Number: 205184 Find in a Library
Title: Israel: Criminal Justice Systems in Europe and North America
Author(s): Leslie Sebba; Menachem Horovitz; Ruth Geva
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 110
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
Monsey, NY 10952
United Nations European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control (HEUNI)
Helsinki 00531, Finland
Publication Number: ISBN 952-5333-16-7
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
P.O. Box 249
Monsey, NY 10952
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: Finland
Annotation: After an overview of the organization of Israel's criminal justice system, this book profiles its components of police, courts, and corrections.
Abstract: After an introductory chapter on Israel's background and form of government, a chapter traces the historical development of Israel's penal law, followed by a chapter on the history of procedural law. A chapter on the organizational entities of criminal justice describes the functions of the Ministries of Public Security, Justice, Labor and Social Affairs, the Environment, and Finance. Statutory authorities are also profiled. A chapter on the Israel Police notes that from its inception in 1948 it has been a national, highly centralized force under the responsibility of the Minister of Public Security. The chapter describes its organization, personnel, and procedures for conducting investigations. A chapter on the court system indicates that it consists of three tiers: magistrates' courts, which exercise criminal jurisdiction over offenses punishable by no more than 7 years imprisonment or a fine, as well as civil jurisdiction; district courts, which deal with all criminal cases not under the jurisdiction of the magistrates' courts; and the Supreme Court, which exercises appellate jurisdiction over the district courts' decisions. In addition to these three types of courts, there are also traffic courts, family courts, small claims courts, religious tribunals, and labor tribunals. Juvenile courts operate under the Youth Law. Other chapters address the organization and operation of the Prison Service, correctional agencies and services, criminal justice procedures, juvenile justice, the system of sanctions, victim services, crime prevention, human rights and law reform, and statistics and crime trends. The concluding chapter provides an overview of current trends in criminal justice in Israel. 6 tables, 12 figures, and 67 references and additional resources
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Foreign correctional systems; Foreign courts; Foreign crime prevention; Foreign criminal justice systems; Foreign police; Foreign sentencing; Israel; Victim services
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