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NCJ Number: 206385 Find in a Library
Title: Resource Material Series No. 62
Corporate Author: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Editor(s): Simon Cornell
Date Published: February 2004
Page Count: 198
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Publication Number: ISBN 4-87033-263-5
Sale Source: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu
Type: Conference Material; Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: This report on the deliberations of a work group of the 122nd International Training Course on Crime Prevention and the Treatment of Offenders (October 2002) presents recommendations for international cooperation in countering human trafficking and the smuggling of migrants.
Abstract: The work group analyzed human trafficking and the smuggling of migrants as a multidimensional problem that encompasses migration, labor, criminal behavior, and human rights. All of these dimensions must be addressed if the problem is to be effectively addressed. Human trafficking is a global problem that involves virtually all countries as places from which migrants depart, routes for migration to other countries, and places where migrants go to live and work. Legal migration that complies with the laws and regulations of the various countries involved is not the problem. The problem occurs when criminal groups recruit and coerce people, primarily women and children, to migrate through illegal channels for the profit of the traffickers. Such criminal enterprises typically include the exploitation and abuse of migrants in circumstances of prostitution, slave labor, and servitude. Given the transnational character of this criminal enterprise, the work group focused on the importance and methods of international cooperation. Recommendations for governmental cooperation include the creation of common standards for addressing the problem, cooperation in assets confiscation from convicted traffickers, information exchange through direct-contact networks, moderation of strict rules that govern extradition and mutual legal assistance, victim protection, technical assistance, and the creation of regional organizations. Recommendations for cooperation between governments and nongovernmental organizations pertain to the exchange of information, training and education programs, and support and services for victims of trafficking.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): China; Crime specific countermeasures; Foreign laws; Human rights violations; Immigrants/Aliens; Immigration offenses; India; International cooperation; Nepal; Philippines; Smuggling/Trafficking; Thailand; Trafficking in Persons; Transnational Organized Crime; United Nations (UN); United States of America; Victim services
Note: For individual papers, see NCJ-206386-400.
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