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NCJ Number: 206612 Find in a Library
Title: Understanding the Impact of Trauma on Female Juvenile Delinquency and Gender-Specific Practice (From Juvenile Justice Sourcebook: Past, Present, and Future, P 381-393, 2004, Albert R. Roberts, ed. -- See NCJ-206597)
Author(s): Scott K. Okamoto; Meda Chesney-Lind
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Oxford University Press, Inc
New York, NY 10016
Sale Source: Oxford University Press, Inc
198 Madison Avenue
New York, NY 10016
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter examines the impact of girls' trauma, primarily due to forms of physical and sexual abuse, on their behavior in juvenile justice and mental health treatment settings.
Abstract: The chapter first considers the dimensions of the physical and sexual abuse of girls as it examines the prevalence of such trauma, related child and adolescent disorders such as conduct problems, and attributions. After discussing the dimensions of the physical and sexual abuse of girls, the chapter identifies and explains manifestations of such abuse in girls. These include discomfort with men, emotionality (extreme levels of emotions), and aggression. The chapter next discusses implications for practice. The authors advise that physical and sexual abuse not only constitute severe forms of trauma but also a severe violation of the trust within significant relationships in girls' lives; therefore, working with girls should focus on developing healthy interpersonal relationships. The chapter concludes with descriptions of gender-specific model programs. It notes that programs which have targeted female juvenile offenders have several similarities. They incorporate individual and/or group counseling that focuses on issues of victimization, particularly physical and sexual abuse. Most of these programs are also cautious in incorporating male practitioners. Finally, many of the programs focus on relationship-building for girls. This can include training in conflict resolution, assertiveness, and decisionmaking in order to promote positive interpersonal skills. The authors advise that more research is needed to further clarify the unique aspects of gender-specific programs. Such research might focus on differentiating between situations in which girls' emotionality enhances therapeutic relationships and when it becomes pathological to treatment. Discussion questions and 44 references
Main Term(s): Female juvenile delinquents
Index Term(s): Child abuse; Child abuse as delinquency factor; Child Sexual Abuse; Gender issues; Juvenile treatment methods; Treatment offender matching
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