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NCJ Number: 207243 Find in a Library
Title: Substance Abuse, Suicidality, and Self-Esteem in South African Adolescents
Journal: Journal of Drug Education  Volume:34  Issue:1  Dated:2004  Pages:1-17
Author(s): Lauren G. Wild; Alan J. Flisher; Arvin Bhana; Carl Lombard
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 17
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study investigated associations between self-esteem, assessed by the self-esteem questionnaire (SEQ), and risk behaviors, specifically suicide and substance abuse in South African adolescents.
Abstract: Several theorists have argued for various reasons that low self-esteem predisposes individuals to adopt risk behaviors. However, links between self-esteem and a variety of risk behaviors among adolescents were not conclusive. This study examined associations between six domains of self-esteem (peers, school, family, sports/athletics, body image, and global self-worth) as assessed by the self-esteem questionnaire (SEQ) and risk behaviors related to substance use suicidal tendencies among a sample of 116 South African students in grades 8 and 11. The analyses indicated that all four risk behaviors investigated (alcohol, smoking, drugs, and suicide) were significantly associated with lower scores on at least one self-esteem scale. In addition, the results indicated that different dimensions of self-esteem were differentially related to risk behaviors, with family self-esteem showing the strongest overall pattern of correlations with the risk behaviors in both the bivariate and multivariate analyses. The study suggests that investigating links between specific domains of self-esteem and adolescent risk behaviors is likely to provide information that cannot be obtained from global measures of self-worth alone. Appendix and references
Main Term(s): Adolescents at risk
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Adolescent chemical dependency; Children at risk; Juvenile Delinquency prevention theory; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile self concept; Mental health; Self concept
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