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NCJ Number: 207361 Find in a Library
Title: Exploring Patterns of Perpetration of Crime Across the Life Course: Offense and Offender-Based Viewpoints
Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Volume:20  Issue:4  Dated:November 2004  Pages:393-415
Author(s): Lila Kazemian; Marc Le Blanc
Date Published: November 2004
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Ottawa, ON K1P 6G4, Canada
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined characteristics of the crime patterns of a sample of adjudicated French Canadian males over a 15-year period, with attention to changes in criminal behavior in the transition from adolescence to adulthood.
Abstract: Data were obtained from the Montreal Two Samples Longitudinal Study, a prospective longitudinal study of 470 males adjudicated by the Montreal Area Juvenile Court in 1974 and 1975. At recruitment, the sample consisted of 470 boys, ages 13 to 17. Structured interviews were conducted at early to mid-adolescence, mid-to late adolescence, early to mid-20's, early 30's, and early 40's. Because most of the sample had stopped offending in their 40's, the analyses focused on crime patterns up to early to mid-30's. The self-reported offenses of interest in the interviews were petty theft, shoplifting, common theft, burglary, personal larceny, motor vehicle theft, aggravated theft, vandalism, assault, disorderly conduct, drug offenses, and sex offenses. Two general crime patterns were identified as "organized" and "disorganized." The "organized" pattern was characterized by utilitarian motive, planning, and a use of instruments. The "disorganized" pattern featured offenses motivated by impulsive thrill-seeking that involved little planning and the likely use of drug and/or alcohol just prior to committing an offense. The level of organization in crime patterns, particularly in planning and the use of instruments, tended to increase with age. For those individuals who persisted in "disorganized" crime patterns from mid-adolescence into adulthood, the crimes tended to become even more disorganized and reckless. There is no clear dominant crime pattern (either organized or disorganized) in the sample with advancing age. Lack of self-control and impulsivity may be factors that determine which general pathway offenders may follow. Future research might focus on this issue. 2 tables, 1 figure, 6 notes, and 39 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Criminal methods; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile to adult criminal careers
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