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NCJ Number: 207470 Find in a Library
Title: Crime Mapping and the Training Needs of Law Enforcement
Journal: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research  Volume:10  Issue:1  Dated:2004  Pages:65-83
Author(s): Jerry H. Ratcliffe
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 19
Type: Instructional Material
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This paper describes some of the recent developments in crime mapping and how geographical information technology may be more broadly applied in law enforcement.
Abstract: Over the last two decades there has been an increase in the number of techniques of exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA), which can be applied in a spatial modeling environment to identify crime patterns and hotspots. This has led to the development of geographical information systems (GIS), which consist of hardware, software, data, people, and organizations for the collecting, storing, analysis, and dissemination of information relating to the earth. The field that produces these resources is known as geographic information science (GISc). The development of crime mapping stems from advances in both GIS and GISc. This article describes the application of GIS and GISc to "hotspot" mapping, i.e., the identification of geographic areas where various types of crime are concentrated; CompStat, a "goal-oriented strategic management process that uses computer technology, operational strategy, and managerial accountability to structure the manner in which a police department provides crime-control services;" and geographic profiling, which is an investigative technique designed to aid police in investigating serial crimes. The article concludes with an assessment of the status of GIS use by police agencies, noting that police managers have not generally taken full advantage of GIS in crime analysis and resource allocation. Training in GIS for police managers is discussed. 3 figures, 1 table, and 64 references
Main Term(s): Police information systems
Index Term(s): Computer aided operations; Computer mapping; Crime Mapping; Geographic distribution of crime; Geographic information systems (GIS); Police management; Police management training; Problem-Oriented Policing; Science and Technology; Technology transfer
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