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NCJ Number: 207719 Find in a Library
Title: Dental Maturity Curves in Finnish Children: Demirjian's Method Revisited and Polynomial Functions for Age Estimation
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:49  Issue:6  Dated:November 2004  Pages:1324-1331
Author(s): Nils Chaillet Ph.D.; Marjatta Nystrom Ph.D.; Matti Kataja Ph.D.; Arto Demirjian Ph.D.
Date Published: November 2004
Page Count: 8
Publisher: http://www.astm.org 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In order to provide new Finnish maturity tables and curves as well as compare the efficiency of Demirjian's method when differently weighted scores and polynomial regressions are used, this study obtained 2,213 (1,119 girls and 1,094 boys) dental panoramic radiographs of healthy ethnic Finns from southern Finland who were between 2 and 19 years old.
Abstract: Subjects with bilaterally missing mandibular teeth other than third molar were excluded. The study analyzed two classes of methods, one with percentiles that gave the maturity score as a function of age (Demirjian's method), and a second that used polynomial interpolation to give estimated age as a function of the maturity score. The first method provided strong accuracy, but reliability (1.07 percent of misclassifies) was lower than for polynomial functions. The second method is useful in forensic contexts, allowing for higher reliability (0.19 percent of misclassified), but accuracy decreased by more or less 7.5 months. The use of polynomial functions is recommended for forensic purposes in estimating age. If a tooth is missing on one side, Demirjian proposes using the comparable tooth on the other side of the mouth. If both teeth are missing, however, it is impossible to calculate the maturity score under Demirjian's method. In a forensic context, a child with the same type of tooth missing on both sides must still be aged. In addition, dental maturity does not follow a linear progression; dental development is curvilinear with acceleration and stops, so polynomial functions are recommended. 7 tables, 6 figures, and 39 references
Main Term(s): Police policies and procedures
Index Term(s): Age determination; Dental analysis; Finland; Foreign criminal justice research; Forensic sciences; Investigative techniques; Juveniles
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=207719

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