skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 207741 Find in a Library
Title: Ethnicity and Sexual Orientation as PTSD Mitigators in Child Sexual Abuse Survivors
Journal: Journal of Family Violence  Volume:19  Issue:5  Dated:October 2004  Pages:319-325
Author(s): Raquel C. Andres-Hyman; Melissa A. Cott; Steven N. Gold
Editor(s): Vincent B. Van Hasselt; Michel Hersen
Date Published: October 2004
Page Count: 7
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationship between demographic variables and scores of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors on the Impact Event Scale (IES).
Abstract: A review of current research has shown that the effect of demographic variables on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among adult survivors of CSA has not been examined. This study explored the relationship between demographic variables and IES scores for 257 women CSA survivors entering outpatient treatment at a university-based mental health center. The IES is a self-report measure of subjective distress related to a specific event. All the women reported a history of CSA and presented psychological difficulties associated with CSA. The demographic variables investigated were relationship status, sexual orientation, income, educational level, spousal educational level, ethnicity, and religious affiliation. The data collected, part of a larger ongoing study of the sexual abuse survivors treatment program, were examined using a series of one-way, between group ANOVA’s. Analysis of the data found that total IES and Intrusion scores differed for sexual orientation and ethnicity in accordance with conventional standards of significance. Self-reported asexuals indicated fewer intrusive and total PTSD symptoms than heterosexuals, lesbians, and bisexuals. In addition, Hispanics reported less intrusive PTSD symptoms than non-Hispanic Whites. Further research is recommended to explore the relationship between ethnicity and sexual orientation and the long-term effects of CSA. References and 1 table
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse
Index Term(s): Adult survivors of child sexual abuse; Bisexuality; Demographic analysis of crime; Homosexuality; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.