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NCJ Number: 207741 Find in a Library
Title: Ethnicity and Sexual Orientation as PTSD Mitigators in Child Sexual Abuse Survivors
Journal: Journal of Family Violence  Volume:19  Issue:5  Dated:October 2004  Pages:319-325
Author(s): Raquel C. Andres-Hyman; Melissa A. Cott; Steven N. Gold
Editor(s): Vincent B. Van Hasselt; Michel Hersen
Date Published: October 2004
Page Count: 7
Publisher: http://www.kluweronline.com/issn/0885-7482/contents 
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationship between demographic variables and scores of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors on the Impact Event Scale (IES).
Abstract: A review of current research has shown that the effect of demographic variables on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among adult survivors of CSA has not been examined. This study explored the relationship between demographic variables and IES scores for 257 women CSA survivors entering outpatient treatment at a university-based mental health center. The IES is a self-report measure of subjective distress related to a specific event. All the women reported a history of CSA and presented psychological difficulties associated with CSA. The demographic variables investigated were relationship status, sexual orientation, income, educational level, spousal educational level, ethnicity, and religious affiliation. The data collected, part of a larger ongoing study of the sexual abuse survivors treatment program, were examined using a series of one-way, between group ANOVA’s. Analysis of the data found that total IES and Intrusion scores differed for sexual orientation and ethnicity in accordance with conventional standards of significance. Self-reported asexuals indicated fewer intrusive and total PTSD symptoms than heterosexuals, lesbians, and bisexuals. In addition, Hispanics reported less intrusive PTSD symptoms than non-Hispanic Whites. Further research is recommended to explore the relationship between ethnicity and sexual orientation and the long-term effects of CSA. References and 1 table
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse
Index Term(s): Adult survivors of child sexual abuse; Bisexuality; Demographic analysis of crime; Homosexuality; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=207741

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