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NCJ Number: 207794 Find in a Library
Title: Human Trafficking: Concept, Classification, and Questions of Legislative Regulation (From Organised Crime, Trafficking, Drugs: Selected Papers Presented at the Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Helsinki 2003, P 70-80, 2004, Sami Nevala and Kauko Aromaa, eds. -- See NCJ-207791
Author(s): Georgi Gionti
Corporate Author: United Nations European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control (HEUNI)
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Academic Bookstore
FIN-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
Monsey, NY 10952
United Nations European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control (HEUNI)
Helsinki 00531, Finland
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
P.O. Box 249
Monsey, NY 10952
United States of America

Academic Bookstore
P.O. Box 128
FIN-00101 Helsinki,
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: Finland
Annotation: This paper examines the reasons and criminal characteristics in the exploitation of human beings or human trafficking in the country of Georgia following the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the need for strong legislative regulation.
Abstract: Even though the collapse of the former Soviet Union removed barriers between the East and the West, thereby freeing the people from totalitarianism, social changes occurred causing a rise in a whole new set of difficulties which included organized crime and corruption. In particular, human trafficking grew into a highly attractive and lucrative business. In the country of Georgia, trafficking has become very lucrative involving both professional criminals and high-level state officials. From within Georgia, a transnational network of trafficking that recruits, transports, and exploits people for the purpose of obtaining material profit has emerged. This paper presented at the annual conference of the European Society of Criminology in 2003 begins by discussing the main reasons for trafficking in Georgia which include: (1) political destabilization and massive migration of the population from Georgia; (2) poverty; (3) prostitution; (4) children’s homelessness; and (5) imperfection of legal mechanisms in protecting victims of trafficking. Criminal characteristics of trafficking in Georgia include: (1) recruitment; (2) transit; and (3) exploitation. The impact of earlier legislation is seen as having been ineffective, and to combat human trafficking, it should become a part of international policy, constructed on a complex program including organizational, legislative, administrative, financial, scientific, propagandistic, and other measures.
Main Term(s): Organized crime
Index Term(s): Economic analysis of crime; Foreign countries; Foreign government officials; Foreign policies; Immigration offenses; Organized crime; Professional criminals; Prostitution; Smuggling/Trafficking; Socioeconomic causes of delinquency; Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
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