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NCJ Number: 207817 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Fifty-One Experiments in Combating Elder Abuse: A Survey of State Criminal Laws Relating to Elder Abuse and Mandatory Reporting
Author(s): Charles Hollis; Lon McDougal
Corporate Author: American Prosecutors Research Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 71
Sponsoring Agency: American Prosecutors Research Institute
Alexandria, VA 22314
Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 98-LS-VX-0002
Sale Source: American Prosecutors Research Institute
99 Canal Center. Plaza
Suite 510
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report summarizes the criminal laws that U.S. States have enacted to protect their elderly and disabled adult populations from abuse.
Abstract: Thirty-two States have enacted statutes that specifically criminalize elder abuse, neglect, or exploitation. Twelve of these States have adopted a mixed strategy that also includes the enhancement of sanctions for other crimes when a senior or "vulnerable" adult is victimized. Six States and the District of Columbia provide only for the latter type of attention to elder abuse. Currently, 14 States define the protected elderly population as having a minimum age requirement, generally 60 or 65. Nineteen States define the protected population based upon the victim's having a diminished physical or mental capacity. At least 32 States criminalize emotional abuse in some manner. A majority of States have enacted specific financial-exploitation statutes or provided for penalty enhancements for victimizing older persons as part of general theft or fraud laws. Most States make elder abuse and neglect a felony, dependent on the severity of the victim's injury. Forty-six States have laws that place an affirmative duty on certain types of persons to report elder abuse and neglect. One table presented in this report identifies the protected population and prohibited conduct covered by each State's statutes. A second table lists mandatory-reporting statutes for elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation, identifying the mandatory reporters and whether failure to report is a criminal offense.
Main Term(s): Elderly victims
Index Term(s): Crimes against the elderly; Elder Abuse; Elderly victim services; Mandatory crime reporting; State laws
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