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NCJ Number: 208180 Find in a Library
Title: Defining the Mission of Juvenile Drug Courts (From Juvenile Drug Courts and Teen Substance Abuse, P 137-184, 2004, Jeffrey A. Butts and John Roman, eds. -- See NCJ-208175)
Author(s): Jeffrey A. Butts; Janine M. Zweig; Cynthia Mamalian
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 48
Sponsoring Agency: Urban Institute Press
Washington, DC 20037
Sale Source: Urban Institute Press
2100 M Street., NW
Washington, DC 20037
United States of America
Document: HTML
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After examining the general nature of adolescent behavior and current patterns of juvenile illegal drug use, this paper questions the appropriateness of involving juveniles in drug courts when they have not been diagnosed with serious drug and/or alcohol problems.
Abstract: Survey data indicate that more than half of all high school seniors have tried at least one illegal drug, and nearly half have tried cannabis or marijuana; nearly one in four teens has tried drugs other than marijuana. Clearly, the justice system cannot afford the time and resources that would be required to process in juvenile drug courts all adolescent substance users because they happen to be arrested. Limited resources thus require that there be a screening process governed by criteria that define which juvenile drug users are eligible for drug court participation. In developing such criteria, juvenile drug courts must target the youth most likely to respond positively to the intervention techniques used by the court, as well as those most likely to escalate their substance abuse to dangerous levels absent intervention. This requires a careful analysis that can reliably identify the factors likely to lead to long-term, harmful drug abuse. The youth at greatest risk of severe problems of drug use are apparently those that go beyond alcohol and marijuana to use other illegal drugs. Although all juveniles who use illicit drugs of any type have broken the law, this does not mean they all should be placed in the juvenile justice system for extended treatment and intervention. 3 tables, 6 figures, 4 notes, and 78 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug courts
Index Term(s): Diagnostic and reception processing; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile drug treatment; Juvenile drug use
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