skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 208328 Find in a Library
Title: Role of Depressed Mood and Anger in the Relationship Between Family Conflict and Delinquent Behavior
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:33  Issue:6  Dated:December 2004  Pages:509-522
Author(s): Inga-Dora Sigfusdottir; George Farkas; Eric Silver
Date Published: December 2004
Page Count: 14
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study tested a model in which family conflict is hypothesized to be positively associated with psychological distress in the form of anger and depressed mood, and in which anger and depressed mood are hypothesized to be positively associated with delinquent behavior.
Abstract: Anonymous questionnaires were administered to all Icelandic secondary school students present in class on March 17, 1997. Valid questionnaires were obtained from 7,758 students, approximately 89 percent of all students in these age groups. The control variables measured were family structure, parents' education, and parental support. The family conflict variables measured were severe arguments and physical violence; the mediating variables measured were depressed mood and anger. The dependent variable was delinquency. The data analysis was based on structural equation modeling. The study found that being exposed to family conflict directly affected both feelings of anger and depressed mood among adolescents. Further, in accord with general strain theory, the study found that family conflict increased the likelihood of delinquent acts by adolescents. After controlling for anger, however, depressed mood did not affect delinquent behavior. Anger thus becomes the critical mediating variable in the link between family conflict and delinquency. Still, anger and depressed mood are likely to co-occur. Family conflict had stronger effects on delinquency among boys than among girls. This finding departs from prior research within general strain theory, which has found that stressful life events have a similar effect on delinquency and its escalation among both males and females. 6 tables and 79 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Anger; Emotional disorders; Foreign criminal justice research; Iceland; Juvenile delinquent family relations; Mental disorders; Parent-Child Relations; Parental influence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.