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NCJ Number: 209364 Add to Shopping cart 
Title: Drug Selling: A Rational Choice (From Crime & Employment: Critical Issues in Crime Reduction for Corrections, P 192-210, 2004, Jessie L. Krienert and Mark S. Fleisher, eds. -- See NCJ-209355)
Author(s): Mark S. Fleisher; Jessie L. Krienert
Date Published: 2004
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: AltaMira Press
Walnut Creek, CA 94596
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2000-JR-VX-0006
Sale Source: AltaMira Press
Division of Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc
1630 North Main Street, #367
Walnut Creek, CA 94596
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study shows how young women of college age cope with social and economic barriers in a poor community that has been socially and economically isolated from the mainstream of American life for more than 80 years.
Abstract: This community is on the north side of Champaign, IL, called the "north end." In the north end, men's and women's gangs are active, illegal drugs are sold, and residents are very poor. Full-time jobs are 60 to 90 minutes away by community bus; the expense to commute costs about 1 hour of net pay per day. The research on which this paper was based was a multiyear field study designed to analyze the multiple functions of women's gangs in north end. Data were obtained from 74 gang-affiliated women. The purpose of the interviews with and observations of the daily lives of these women was to profile the complexities of gang members' prosocial and antisocial functions within the broad context of community life. The "gang girls" reported a stable history of poverty and community isolation. They came from families that experienced the consequences of earlier racial bias that led to the development of a community that has continued to be racially segregated and isolated from the main city. Even if full-time jobs were available in or near north end, the sampled gang women were not prepared for more than entry-level, low-paying jobs. When they needed a lot of money quickly, they sold cocaine. Otherwise, they sold small quantities of marijuana daily. Solutions to their employment problems required money, planning, and a variety of assistance that north end gang mothers could not provide for themselves. They have adjusted to poverty's conditions much as anyone adjusts to adverse life circumstances. Any change must address residents' perceived problems and involve their input and cooperation. 7 tables and 4 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Decisionmaking; Drug law offenses; Employment; Female gangs; Female offenders; Illinois; OJJDP grant-related documents; Unemployment; Youth employment
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