skip navigation

LIBRARY

Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 209461 Find in a Library
Title: Disputes Involving Youth Street Gang Members: Micro-Social Contexts
Journal: Criminology  Volume:43  Issue:1  Dated:February 2005  Pages:43-76
Author(s): Lorine A. Hughes; James F. Short Jr.
Date Published: February 2005
Page Count: 34
Publisher: http://www.asc41.com/ 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined micro-level social contexts of violent and nonviolent dispute incidents of gang members.
Abstract: Despite the fact that there has been prolific research concerning the distribution of gangs, their composition and behavior, and various approaches to gang control, little is still little known about the behavior of gang members. The current research focused on the micro-level interpersonal interaction processes and situation characteristics involving gang member disputes. Data were drawn from reports of field observations of 12 Black and 8 White street gangs in Chicago between 1959 and 1962. This was the first round of analysis for 16,566 pages of transcribed reports; limited computer technology precluded earlier analysis of this data. All interview and observation data were analyzed with a coding scheme designed to facilitate analysis of micro-level influences during conflict situations. Results indicated that conflicts associated with three primary pretexts (order violations, identity attack, and retaliation) usually unfolded on the basis of whether status concerns were outweighed by situational constraints, such as close relationship between disputants, audience intervention, and peer back-up. Thus, individual- or micro-level factors played a part in gang members’ dispute-related decisionmaking. The findings thus illustrate the importance of further investigating micro-level factors of gang-related behavior. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Gangs; Interpersonal relations
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Dispute Settlement/Resolution; Illinois; Juvenile gang behavior patterns
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=209461

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.