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NCJ Number: 209713 Find in a Library
Title: Fieldwork Research and Social Network Analysis: Different Methods Creating Complementary Perspectives
Journal: Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice  Volume:21  Issue:2  Dated:May 2005  Pages:120-134
Author(s): Mark S. Fleisher
Date Published: May 2005
Page Count: 15
Publisher: http://www.sagepub.com/ 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines participant observation and social network analysis as primary gang-research methodologies and shows how these two are not mutually exclusive, field-based research techniques.
Abstract: The concepts of gangs as groups and of gang boundaries are compared using observation-narrative data and egocentric network data. Focusing on these groups and boundaries assists in illustrating, through argument, that participant observation and social network analysis are able to yield complementary perspectives on youth gangs and are therefore, not mutually exclusive, field-based research techniques. Participant observation is seen as an effective technique to gather systematic observations on people and places and systematic and impromptu interviews with gang youth, neighborhood residents, local police, business owners, and other stakeholders influenced by the youth gangs. A social network is a set of actors and a relation measured across those actors. Social network analysis assumes that network actors’ interactions create persistent social patterns of interaction that influence individual behavior. Compositional analyses of personal (egocentric) social networks of same-gang youth provide measures of peer influence processes beyond participant observation. Comparative analyses of opposite-gang adolescents’ egocentric networks indicate a wide overlap among inter-gang friends. References
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Collective violence; Gangs; Group behavior; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Juvenile justice research; Peer influences on behavior; Positive peer culture; Research methods; Testing and measurement
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=209713

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