skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 209883 Find in a Library
Title: Tough Is not Enough: Getting Smart About Youth Crime: A Review of Research on What Works To Reduce Offending by Young People
Author(s): Kaye L. McLaren
Corporate Author: New Zealand Ministry of Youth Development
New Zealand
Date Published: June 2000
Page Count: 100
Sponsoring Agency: New Zealand Ministry of Youth Development
Wellington, New Zealand
Publication Number: ISBN 0-477-01913-7
Sale Source: New Zealand Ministry of Youth Development
Level 1, Charles Fergusson Bldg.
Bowen Street
PO Box 10-300
New Zealand
Type: Literature Review
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: New Zealand
Annotation: This literature review of international research examined "what works" to reduce crime by juveniles.
Abstract: Part I of this paper provides an overview of patterns of juvenile offending, with a focus on the small group of offenders responsible for the majority of offenses. Part II examines the problems and characteristics of juveniles that place them at risk of offending. The most recent and reliable research on the issue is reviewed to identify the profiles of juveniles who should be selected for intervention to prevent the evolution of a criminal career. Part III considers what impact, if any, the nature of case processing may have on offending, including the way police deal with juveniles, the effects of various sentences, the use of innovative approaches such as family group conferences, and the combination of processing and other intervention. Part IV, the largest section of the paper, identifies effective responses to juvenile offending. One section provides an overview of current research on interventions that reduce reoffending. This is followed by discussions of specific interventions, including effective approaches in residential and nonresidential settings, the importance of working with the families of juvenile offenders, programs for aggressive and violent juveniles, drug programs, support after intervention, and characteristics of effective staff. There is also an overview of what research has found does not work in reducing juvenile reoffending. Part IV concludes with summary tables of "what works" generally and in each specific area, as well as "what doesn't work." A table also portrays effective approaches for each of the main risk factors identified in Part II. A 102-item bibliography
Main Term(s): Juvenile treatment methods
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Children at risk; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile processing; Treatment effectiveness
Note: Downloaded May 23, 2005.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.