skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 210339 Find in a Library
Title: Policing, Crime and Public Health: Lessons for Australia From the "New York Miracle"
Journal: Criminal Justice  Volume:5  Issue:2  Dated:May 2005  Pages:115-143
Author(s): David Dixon; Lisa Maher
Date Published: May 2005
Page Count: 29
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines the transfer of criminal justice policies between Australia and the United States through specific example, the influence of New York City policing in Australia with particular reference to Sydney.
Abstract: Within the criminal justice system, the United States and Australia transfer, share, and exchange concepts, policies, and rhetoric. This article examines specific examples in the area of policing where borrowed or adapted United States strategies found fertile soil in Australia: (1) the crime control strategies developed in New York City in the 1990s credited with reducing crime rates and (2) international developments in policing impacting the heroin market. The article is divided into three parts: (1) criminological relations between Australia and the United State is placed in historical context; (2) an assessment of some lessons that can be learned by Australian policing from New York are provided; and (3) a case study of American influences on the policing of an Australian heroin market is examined. Within the content of the article, how the transfer of policies are implemented, how elements of them may conflict, and how the crucial transfer may be more about specific perceptions and attitudes are identified. The specific United States policies and strategies which were borrowed and adapted since the mid-1990s found fertile soil in Australia. References
Main Term(s): International Law Enforcement Cooperation
Index Term(s): Australia; Foreign police; Police effectiveness; Police policy development; Policing innovation; United States of America
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.