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NCJ Number: 210975 Find in a Library
Title: Schema Modes and Childhood Abuse in Borderline and Antisocial Personality Disorders
Journal: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry  Volume:36  Issue:3  Dated:September 2005  Pages:240-253
Author(s): Jill Lobbestael; Arnoud Arntz; Simkje Sieswerda
Date Published: September 2005
Page Count: 14
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study tested the applicability of the hypothesized characterization of complex personality disorders (PDs) by alternating states of thinking, feeling, and behavior (so called schema modes) to borderline personality disorders (BPD) and antisocial personality disorders (APD) and related it to a presumed common etiological factor, childhood trauma (childhood abuse).
Abstract: Complex personality disorders (PDs) have been hypothesized to be characterized by alternating states of thinking, feeling, and behavior, the so-called schema modes. This study was twofold. It first attempted to assess and compare the presence of the hypothesized schema modes in borderlines, antisocials, and nonpatient controls and second to show a direct comparison of childhood abuse history in the three groups. Gender was equally divided within the groups so that the probability to detect disorder-specific results is increased. Study participants consisted of 16 patients with borderline personality disorders (BPD), 16 antisocial personality disorder (APD) patients, and 16 nonpatients. Gender was evenly distributed within the groups by planned stratification with each group consisting of eight men and eight women. Participants completed a Schema Mode Questionnaire assessing cognitions, feelings, and behaviors characteristic of six schema modes. BPD, as well as APD were characterized by four maladaptive modes: detached protector, punitive parent, abandoned/abused child, and angry child. APD displayed characteristics of the bully/attack mode, but this presence did not significantly differ from BPD. The healthy adult mode was of low presence in BPD and of high presence in APD and the nonpatients. Frequency and severity of the three kinds of abuse were equally high in both BPD and APD. In conclusion, BPD and APD indicated a substantial overlap concerning frequency and severity of childhood emotional, physical and sexual abuse and in the presence of the schema modes. References
Main Term(s): Personality assessment
Index Term(s): Antisocial attitudes; Child abuse; Child victims; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile psychological evaluation; Psychological evaluation
Note: Special issue on Cognition and Emotion in Borderline Personality Disorder.
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