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NCJ Number: 211657 Find in a Library
Title: Victorian Juvenile Justice Rehabilitation Review
Author(s): Andrew Day; Kevin Howells; Debra Rickwood
Date Published: January 2003
Page Count: 131
Sponsoring Agency: Victorian Government Dept of Human Services
Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia
Sale Source: Victorian Government Dept of Human Services
Disability Services Division
Level 2, 555 Collins Street
Melbourne, Victoria 3000,
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review; Program/Project Description
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This review of juvenile justice rehabilitation in Victoria (Australia) includes a review of published literature on juvenile rehabilitation programs, an overview of current Victorian juvenile justice programs and case practice, the applicability of recidivism risk/criminogenic needs assessment instruments, and the development of a Victorian juvenile justice best practice model.
Abstract: As used in this review, "rehabilitation" refers to "those types of practice in juvenile justice that are most directly aimed at reducing reoffending in juveniles and is used to refer to specific forms of intervention rather than the social or administrative context in which interventions take place." A review of the published literature notes two broad conclusions from a number of meta-analytic reviews from around the world. First, there is substantial evidence that suggests interventions to reduce reoffending by juveniles lead to positive outcomes based on a comparison of treated groups with nontreated groups. Second, some interventions have significantly more positive impacts than others. Following the literature review, the five basic principles of good rehabilitative practice are outlined. A discussion of the "what works" approach to offender rehabilitation considers the principles of risk, needs, responsivity, program integrity, and professional discretion. Measures of effective interventions are also discussed, along with cost-effectiveness and best practice in rehabilitation programs. Another major part of this review distinguishes between rehabilitation programs that target specific types of offending and those that target criminogenic needs; methods of program delivery are also addressed. A section on issues related to specific groups within juvenile justice focuses on age groups, young women, ethnicity, and youth with disabilities. In the summary section, the review concludes that much more work is required in matching interventions to individual needs. 400 references and an appended bibliography of the Australian Institute of Criminology database of juvenile rehabilitation programs
Main Term(s): Juvenile treatment evaluation
Index Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile treatment methods; Treatment effectiveness; Treatment offender matching
Note: Downloaded October 14, 2005.
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