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NCJ Number: 211719 Find in a Library
Title: Ten-Year Research Update Review: The Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Disorders: I. Methods and Public Health Burden
Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:44  Issue:10  Dated:October 2005  Pages:972-986
Author(s): E. Jane Costello Ph.D.; Helen Egger M.D.; Adrian Angold
Date Published: October 2005
Page Count: 15
Document: DOC
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This literature review assesses the past decade progression in the monitoring of the prevalence and community burden of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders.
Abstract: Epidemiology is the study of patterns of disease distribution in time and space. Child and adolescent psychiatry entered the epidemiological research rather late, yet the past 30 years has seen a dearth of research regarding the prevalence and community burden of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders. This study reviewed the research literature published during the past decade regarding the methods of assessing prevalence and community burden of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders and their findings. The results of the literature review show that the methods used to assess the prevalence and community burden of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders have dramatically improved over the past decade and now include a range of valid and reliable interviews that are capable of generating DSM and ICD diagnoses. Current work in this field involves the development of brief screens to identify children and adolescents in need of more detailed assessment. The results regarding the main findings of research over the past decade indicates that the median prevalence estimate of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders is 12 percent and that the psychiatric disorders most commonly appearing in child and adolescent populations are among those ranked highest for the global burden of disease. During the next decade it is crucial to develop national and international policies to focus research and prevention resources where they are needed most. Table, figure, references
Main Term(s): Mental disorders; Research methods
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Children at risk; Juvenile psychological evaluation; Literature reviews
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=233008

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