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NCJ Number: 211721 Find in a Library
Title: Early Intervention for Childhood Anxiety in a School Setting: Outcomes for an Economically Disadvantaged Population
Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry  Volume:44  Issue:10  Dated:October 2005  Pages:996-1004
Author(s): Cynthia Mifsud; Ronald M. Rapee Ph.D.
Date Published: October 2005
Page Count: 9
Document: DOC
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a school-based early intervention program designed to reduce anxious symptoms in children in New South Wales, Australia.
Abstract: Research has indicated that socioeconomic disadvantage is a risk factor for a variety of health and mental health problems, yet socially disadvantaged groups are among the least likely populations to receive mental health treatment. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of a school-based early intervention program in reducing anxiety among at-risk children from low socioeconomic status neighborhoods. Researchers screened 425 children from 9 schools located in low socioeconomic status neighborhoods for anxiety symptoms. A total of 91 children with high-level anxiety symptoms were assigned to either the 8-session intervention or to a waitlist control. The intervention was based on the Cool Kids Program: School Version which employs education about anxiety, cognitive restructuring, social skills, and assertiveness. Participant children, as well as parents and teachers, completed assessments measuring outcomes, including beliefs and attitudes about social and physical threats. Results indicated a significant reduction in anxiety symptoms for children assigned to the intervention group in comparison to the control group. Results were maintained for 4 months following intervention completion according to self and teacher reports. The findings suggest the potential of school-based interventions in reducing anxiety among socially disadvantaged populations. Figure, tables, references
Main Term(s): Children at risk; Mental health
Index Term(s): Economic influences; Juvenile program evaluation; New South Wales; Treatment effectiveness
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