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NCJ Number: 212200 Find in a Library
Title: Persistent Young Offenders: A Retrospective Study
Author(s): Elaine Arnull; Susannah Eagle; Alex Gammampila; Debbie Archer; Valerie Johnston; Karen Miller; Jane Pitcher
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 186
Sponsoring Agency: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales
London SW1H 9AJ,
Sale Source: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales
102 Petty France
London SW1H 9AJ,
United Kingdom
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study identified factors involved in habitual juvenile offending and determined whether a sample of habitual juvenile offenders received interventions that addressed these factors.
Abstract: The study sample consisted of 100 youth drawn from 2 subgroups: the first composed of youth with an established offending history supervised by a youth offending team (YOT) and subject to a detention and training order (DTO); and the second composed of youth deemed at risk of offending and involved in a youth inclusion program (YIP) scheme. The research was conducted at five YOTs and five YIPs. The sample included rural and urban areas across England and one site in Wales. In addition to obtaining data on the youth from existing databases, researchers also conducted interviews with some of the youth and their caseworkers. Risk factors most prevalent in the lives of habitual offenders were a history of family disruption; higher than average levels of loss, bereavement, abuse, and violence within a family setting; family members or friends who offended; low education performance; higher levels of drug and alcohol use than in the general population; and higher than average mental health needs. This study found a lack of training and knowledge among staff regarding these risk factors. Both YOT and YIP practitioners indicated that their knowledge was derived primarily from "on-the-job" experience. Interagency relationships were limited, and working with education and social services to plan interventions was regarded by practitioners as being out-of-date. There was apparently little rationale for most interventions, and interventions did not match individual needs. Habitual juvenile offenders should receive more accurate assessments of risk factors, and interventions should be targeted to specific needs and be implemented earlier in the offending career of those having these risk factors. 29 tables, 85 references, and appended fieldwork diary and quantitative data
Main Term(s): Serious juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries; England; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Treatment effectiveness; Wales
Note: Downloaded November 29, 2005. See NCJ-212199 for the summary of the study.
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