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NCJ Number: 212402 Find in a Library
Title: Estimating the Dollar Value of the Illicit Market for Cannabis in New Zealand
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Review  Volume:24  Issue:3  Dated:May 2005  Pages:227-234
Author(s): Chris Wilkins; James L. Reilly; Megan Pledger; Sally Casswell
Date Published: May 2005
Page Count: 8
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data on the procurement and purchase of cannabis collected in the 2001 New Zealand National Drug Survey were used to estimate the dollar value of the illicit cannabis market and conduct other economic analyses of the illicit purchase of cannabis in New Zealand.
Abstract: The survey involved a national sample of approximately 5,800 people 13-45 years old. They were interviewed about their alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, and other illicit drug use. Regarding cannabis, they were asked about the prevalence of use, manner of procurement, the frequency of purchases, and the weights purchased. Since the cannabis purchases of the sample were theoretically representative of the cannabis purchases of the wider population, the data collected in the survey were used to estimate the dollar amount spent on cannabis by the population. Forty-nine percent of the sample had tried cannabis at least once in their lives, and 19 percent had used it in the last year. Of this 19 percent, 84 percent received at least some of their cannabis "free," with 20 percent receiving "most" and 42 percent "all" of their cannabis free. Only 8 percent grew any of the cannabis they used, with only 1 percent growing "most" and 1 percent "all" of their cannabis. Thirty-eight percent bought at least some of their cannabis, with 13 percent buying "most" and 8 percent "all" of their cannabis. The dollar value of the illicit market for cannabis in New Zealand in 2001 was estimated to be $190 million in New Zealand dollars. The bottom 50 percent of buyers spent a median amount of $100 a year on cannabis (about $2 a week). The next 25 percent of buyers spent a median amount of $750 a year. The top 10 percent of cannabis buyers spent from $3,200 to $55,200 on cannabis in the last year, with some purchasing cannabis to sell. 4 tables and 18 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Cost analysis; Crime costs; Drug use; Economic analysis of crime; Foreign criminal justice research; Marijuana; New Zealand
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