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NCJ Number: 212450 Find in a Library
Title: Adolescent Delinquency and Health
Journal: Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice  Volume:47  Issue:4  Dated:October 2005  Pages:619-654
Author(s): Terrance J. Wade; David J. Pevalin
Date Published: October 2005
Page Count: 36
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This study explored whether adolescents exposed to risk factors experience a broad range of delinquent and health outcomes over time.
Abstract: Previous research has discovered a clustering effect involving substance abuse, mental health problems, and conduct disorder among adolescents. This suggests the possibility of a set of common factors that predispose certain adolescents to a variety of deleterious outcomes. The current study works within a criminological theoretical framework to examine the underlying processes that may contribute to this broad range of co-occurring health problems, substance use, and delinquency involvement. The study also examined the potential temporal ordering among the outcomes. Data were drawn from the first 2 waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health that interviewed 4,834 adolescents on their self-reported substance use, depressive symptomatology, self-rated physical health, delinquency involvement, family structure, family income, family attachment, school attachment, peer attachment, and demographic variables. Results of statistical analyses indicate that delinquency outcomes, health outcomes, and substance use outcomes are predicted by the same risk factors. The fact that most outcomes were associated with one another suggests that they may be comorbid outcomes of risk exposure. Temporal associations were discovered between a variety of outcomes, including between perceived health and a variety of drug use and between nuisance delinquency and alcohol and marijuana use. Future studies should focus on the internal psychological outcomes associated with health problems, substance use, and delinquency involvement. Tables, note, references, appendix
Main Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Juvenile delinquency prediction
Index Term(s): Juvenile drug use; Longitudinal studies; Mental health
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