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NCJ Number: 212470 Find in a Library
Title: Social Capital: A Rural Youth Perspective
Journal: Youth Studies Australia  Volume:24  Issue:4  Dated:December 2005  Pages:21-27
Author(s): Jenny Onyx; Craig Wood; Paul Bullen; Lynelle Osburn
Date Published: December 2005
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Research Council
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This study examined the impact of rural decline on rural youth and the nature of social capital from a youth perspective.
Abstract: There has been extensive documentation of rural decline across much of the developed world and in Australia. In addition, there has been a redistribution of wealth in the past two decades with a net reduction in wealth in most rural areas. However, little is known about how rural decline impacts young people, as well as to what extent social capital among adults mirrors a youth perspective. To address these issues, this study reported on a project in which young people were actively involved in identifying relevant items for a social capital scale, administering a questionnaire concerning social capital and other social issues, and collating the results. The study reported on drew on an empirical analysis of social capital undertaken in five communities in New South Wales (NSW). The study expands on the survey using the Onyx and Bullen adult scale, administered to 635 adults over 18 years old. Social capital among youth appears to be both similar to and different from social capital among adults. The factor structure suggests similar emphases on networking of various types. However, for youth it was the networks with other young people that counted. The results clearly identify young people as victims. In conclusion, the study reveals that there are important differences in the meaning of social capital among young people. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Adolescent attitudes
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitude scales; New South Wales; Rural area studies; Social classes; Social cohesion; Social organization; Youth development
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