skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 212852 
Title: Countering the Chameleon Threat of Dirty Money: "Hard" and "Soft" Law in the Emergence of a Global Regime Against Money Laundering and Terrorist Finance (From Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security, P 195-211, 2003, Adam Edwards and Peter Gill, eds. -- See NCJ-212841)
Author(s): Valsamis Mitsilegas
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Routledge
Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN, England
Sale Source: Routledge
2 Park Square
Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN,
United Kingdom
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This chapter examines the role and relationship between “hard” and “soft” law in the evolution of a global, multi-level anti-money-laundering regime.
Abstract: An outcome of a policy consensus by developed countries has been the proliferation of money laundering countermeasures in the international arena which has occurred in a relatively short period of time. This consensus has resulted in a comprehensive global anti-money-laundering regime. A regime that emerged over the past 14 years resulting from the 1988 United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. In relation to the emergence of this global anti-money-laundering regime, the development of alternative “hard” and “soft” (ethical principles and recommendations) legal tools have emerged as countermeasures. The consequence of these hard and soft legal tools is that the duties for reporting suspicious transactions have been extended beyond banks and other financial institutions to “intermediary” professionals. These individuals are thought to be potentially responsible for providing the apparent sophistication and respectability to some laundering operations. Notes, references
Main Term(s): Money laundering
Index Term(s): Criminal infiltration of business; International law; Organized crime; Organized crime intelligence; Organized crime investigation; Organized crime prevention; Police crime-prevention; World criminology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.