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NCJ Number: 212852 
Title: Countering the Chameleon Threat of Dirty Money: "Hard" and "Soft" Law in the Emergence of a Global Regime Against Money Laundering and Terrorist Finance (From Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security, P 195-211, 2003, Adam Edwards and Peter Gill, eds. -- See NCJ-212841)
Author(s): Valsamis Mitsilegas
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Routledge
Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN, England
Sale Source: Routledge
2 Park Square
Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN,
United Kingdom
Publisher: http://www.routledge.com 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This chapter examines the role and relationship between “hard” and “soft” law in the evolution of a global, multi-level anti-money-laundering regime.
Abstract: An outcome of a policy consensus by developed countries has been the proliferation of money laundering countermeasures in the international arena which has occurred in a relatively short period of time. This consensus has resulted in a comprehensive global anti-money-laundering regime. A regime that emerged over the past 14 years resulting from the 1988 United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. In relation to the emergence of this global anti-money-laundering regime, the development of alternative “hard” and “soft” (ethical principles and recommendations) legal tools have emerged as countermeasures. The consequence of these hard and soft legal tools is that the duties for reporting suspicious transactions have been extended beyond banks and other financial institutions to “intermediary” professionals. These individuals are thought to be potentially responsible for providing the apparent sophistication and respectability to some laundering operations. Notes, references
Main Term(s): Money laundering
Index Term(s): Criminal infiltration of business; International law; Organized crime; Organized crime intelligence; Organized crime investigation; Organized crime prevention; Police crime-prevention; World criminology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=234338

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