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NCJ Number: 212853 
Title: Criminal Asset-Stripping: Confiscating the Proceeds of Crime in England and Wales (From Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security, P 212-226, 2003, Adam Edwards and Peter Gill, eds. -- See NCJ-212841)
Author(s): Michael Levi
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Routledge
Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN, England
Sale Source: Routledge
2 Park Square
Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN,
United Kingdom
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book Chapter
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This chapter focuses on shifts in dealing with the proceeds of crime in England and Wales and how it feeds or does not feed into measures to deal with organized crime.
Abstract: It is concluded that, when assessing the overall effect of asset confiscation, it is evident that there is a severe gap between estimates of money-laundering volumes and the amount of confiscation orders made. It was found that, even when confiscation orders are court ordered, the amounts collected are found to be much lower, averaging only 35 percent, than the amount ordered confiscated. This fact is seldom detailed in official reports. The author questions the discrepancies, noting that there is no research-based answer for either extreme. Either the amount of money-laundering estimates is excessively high and should be considered gross data, or the criminal justice system, namely law enforcement and the courts, does a poor job of collecting confiscation orders. In addition to money-laundering, various dimensions of asset confiscation are reviewed in relation to the proceeds from drug trafficking, which is considered as the principal activity of what is taken to constitute organized crime in England and Wales. Notes, references
Main Term(s): Organized crime
Index Term(s): England; Forfeiture law; Money laundering; Organized crime intelligence; Organized crime prevention; Police crime-prevention; United Kingdom (UK); Wales; World criminology
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