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NCJ Number: 213001 Find in a Library
Title: Relationships Between Childhood Sexual Abuse, Social Anxiety, and Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Women
Journal: Journal of Family Violence  Volume:20  Issue:6  Dated:December 2005  Pages:409-419
Author(s): Margaret M. Feerick; Kyle L. Snow
Date Published: December 2005
Page Count: 11
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationships between childhood sexual abuse, social anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a sample of college women.
Abstract: The findings suggest that women with histories of childhood sexual abuse experience varying levels of anxiety into adulthood and, as such, therapeutic interventions should incorporate techniques for overcoming social anxiety. Results indicated support for the hypothesis that college women with histories of childhood sexual abuse would exhibit greater PTSD symptoms and higher levels of anxiety and distress in social situations than women with no history of childhood sexual abuse. Women suffering the most severe types of sexual abuse also reported the greater use of avoidance and more PTSD symptoms than women who were not abused or who suffered less severe forms of sexual abuse. Other factors found to be significantly related to adult social anxiety were age of onset of abuse, pressure to participate during the abuse, abuse by a family friend, and abuse by other perpetrators. Participants were 313 undergraduate women who were recruited from psychology and human development courses at Cornell University; 31 percent of the sample reported a history of childhood sexual abuse. A series of questionnaires measured demographic and family background information, childhood sexual abuse, social anxiety, and PTSD symptoms. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Post-trauma stress disorder
Index Term(s): Interpersonal relations; Mental health; Psychological victimization effects
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