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NCJ Number: 213142 Find in a Library
Title: Personality Characteristics of Adolescents with Hallucinogen, Methamphetamine, and Cannabis Dependence: A Comparative Study
Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:15  Issue:1  Dated:2005  Pages:37-49
Author(s): Glen A. Palmer; Doyle D. Daiss
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 13
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined differences between adolescent profiles on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent (MMPI-A) based on drug of choice, specifically between hallucinogen, methamphetamine, and marijuana groups.
Abstract: A profile analysis of adolescents with a drug dependence of hallucinogen, methamphetamine, and cannabis using the scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent (MMPI-A) found significant differences between hallucinogen and cannabis groups of adolescents on the Hypochondriasis (Hs), Schizophrenia (Sc), and Adolescent-Bizarre Mentation (A-biz) scales. Scores on all scales of the methamphetamine group were not significantly different from scale scores on the cannabis or hallucinogen groups. Research has shown that many adolescents turn to licit or illicit drugs for a variety of reasons, such as a lack of parental support, social support, or peer pressure. This study is one of the first to utilize personality assessment to differentiate personality characteristics of adolescents reporting the specific use of hallucinogen, cannabis, or methamphetamine as a drug of choice. The study consisted of 60 adolescents evenly distributed for hallucinogen (n = 20), cannabis (n = 20), and methamphetamine (n = 20) use. It was hypothesized that the hallucinogens group would have a significantly higher Adolescent-Bizarre Mentation (A-biz) Content scale score than other groups. In addition, it was hypothesized that for methamphetamine users, the Paranoia (Pa) scale would be higher than the hallucinogen and marijuana groups. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Adolescent chemical dependency
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitude scales; Hallucinogens; Illicit chemicals; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile personality characteristics; Marijuana; Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory; Personality assessment; Underage Drinking
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