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NCJ Number: 214003 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Justice Reform Takes Hold in Illinois
Author(s): James R. Coldren, Jr., Ph.D.
Date Published: 2006
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Justice Research and Statistics Association
Washington, DC 20002
Sale Source: Justice Research and Statistics Association
10 G Street N.E., Suite 710
Washington, DC 20002
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Historical Overview; Program/Project Description
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews the historical roots of juvenile justice reforms in Illinois that began in the mid- to late 1990s, describes the Redeploy Illinois and Department of Juvenile Justice initiative, and discusses the promotion of systemic juvenile justice reform in other States and nationwide.
Abstract: Juvenile justice reform in Illinois in the late 1990s and early 2000s was begun by a group of juvenile justice advocacy organizations and agencies. Initial efforts began in Chicago and spread throughout the State. They included the expansion of community-based restorative justice programs and the monitoring and inspection of juvenile correctional facilities. A major statewide reform effort was launched in November 2004 when the Illinois legislature passed the Redeploy Illinois law. Under Redeploy Illinois, the State funds county community-based alternatives to incarceration if the community-based programs reduce the number of juvenile incarcerations by 15 percent. Counties must submit plans for diverting youth from the Illinois Department of Corrections and expand their local community-based treatment capacity. There are financial penalties for counties that do not meet the 25 percent incarceration-reduction goal. Three of the four pilot sites have exceeded their 25-percent reduction in the incarceration of juveniles. Another major reform effort was the creation in November 2005 of a new cabinet-level agency called the Department of Juvenile Justice. This department is responsible for stemming the trend that treats juveniles as adults in criminal justice processing by creating a new treatment-oriented culture for juvenile offenders. A broader juvenile justice reform initiative has been mounted by the MacArthur Foundation, which has announced that Illinois, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, and Washington State will be the focus of a new "Models for Change" initiative that will provide models for how to achieve successful juvenile justice reform. 6 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice reform
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Illinois; Juvenile diversion programs; Restorative Justice
Note: Downloaded April 28, 2006.
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