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NCJ Number: 214413 Find in a Library
Title: Adolescent Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use
Author(s): Susan McVie; Paul Bradshaw
Date Published: 2005
Page Count: 44
Sponsoring Agency: British Economic and Social Research Council
Nuffield Foundation
London, England
Scottish Executive Social Research
Edinburgh EH1 3DG, Scotland
University of Edinburgh, Centre for Law and Society
Edinburgh EH8 9YL, United Kingdom
Grant Number: R000237157;R000239150
Publication Number: ISBN 0-905893-07-7
Sale Source: University of Edinburgh, Centre for Law and Society
Old College
Edinburgh EH8 9YL,
United Kingdom
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This Scottish study explored the links and interactions among tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use by adolescents and the characteristics of substance users.
Abstract: The study findings suggest the importance of education and health-based initiatives that address all types of substance abuse, with a focus on intervention at early ages. Tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and drug use increased dramatically between the ages of 12 and 15, with a sharp increase around ages 13 to 14. Girls were more likely than boys to smoke tobacco from age 13 and drink alcohol from age 14; they were as likely as boys to use drugs from age 14. The age of beginning use was lowest for alcohol, followed by smoking and illicit drug use. Early experimentation predicted continuity of use for all three substances. Alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use were interrelated, as the increasing frequency of using one substance coincided with increased use of the other. For each substance, there was evidence of progression from occasional use to later regular use. Multiple substance users reported higher levels of delinquency and victimization, higher impulsivity and lower self-esteem, greater involvement in unconventional activities, weaker parental supervision, and stronger peer influence than did users of only one substance and nonusers. This study drew on findings from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, a longitudinal research program that is exploring pathways into and out of offending for a cohort of approximately 4,300 youth who began secondary school in Edinburgh in 1998. The study uses self-report questionnaires, semistructured interviews, children's hearings records, teacher questionnaires, police and criminal statistics, a parent survey, and a geographic information system. 13 tables, 1 appendix, 12 figures, and 41 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Drug abuse causes; Longitudinal studies; Parent-Child Relations; Tobacco use; Underage Drinking
Note: Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, Number 7.
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