skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 214703 Find in a Library
Title: Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Early Abuse on Later Victimization Among High-Risk Adolescents
Journal: Violence and Victims  Volume:21  Issue:3  Dated:June 2006  Pages:287-306
Author(s): Kimberly A. Tyler Ph.D.; Katherine A. Johnson M.A.
Date Published: June 2006
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using four waves of data, this longitudinal study of 730 high-risk adolescents examined the effects of early childhood abuse and poor parenting on adolescents' subsequent running away from home, delinquency, the early onset of sexual contacts, and physical victimization.
Abstract: Findings suggest the importance of identifying and intervening with families at high risk for child abuse and poor parenting, so that children can be prevented from running away from home. Running away increases the likelihood of spending time on the street, which leads to participation in high-risk behaviors and the risk of victimization. Thirty-six percent of the girls and 14 percent of the boys experienced sexual abuse as children, while 38 percent of the boys and 39 percent of the girls were physically abused as children. Both sexual and physical abuse and lower levels of parental monitoring and closeness in childhood all directly predicted running away from home at wave 1 (beginning of the study, 11-15 years old). Those who ran away from home at wave 1 were more likely to run away again 18 months later (wave 3), to have engaged in serious delinquent behavior, and to have been involved in early sexual contacts. Regarding victimization at wave 4 (36 months from baseline), those who had run away from home at wave 3 and who reported serious delinquent behavior were likely to have experienced higher rates of victimization (reported being intentionally physically hurt by someone in the past 12 months). The sample of 730 children and adolescents (59.5 percent female) were 11 to 15 years old at the beginning of the study. Data on the victimization variables were collected at baseline and at 12 months, 18 months, and 36 months later. The variables measured pertained to childhood sexual abuse, childhood physical abuse, parental monitoring, parental closeness, running away, delinquency, early sexual onset, and victimization. 2 tables, 2 figures, 67 references, and appended questions asked on childhood physical abuse parental monitoring, and serious delinquency
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Child abuse; Child abuse as delinquency factor; Child Sexual Abuse; Juvenile victims; Longitudinal studies; Male female juvenile offender comparisons; Runaways
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.