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NCJ Number: 226576 Find in a Library
Title: OJJDP Girls Study Group
Author(s): Stephanie R. Hawkins, Ph.D.
Corporate Author: RTI International
United States of America
Date Published: June 2008
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: RTI International
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
Sale Source: RTI International
P.O. Box 12194
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review
Format: Visual/Imagery
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report on the Girls Study Group of the U.S. Justice Department’s Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) presents the findings of a literature review on research into gender similarities in risk and protective factors, the results of secondary data analysis, a review of screening and assessment instruments for girls, and a review of programs designed to prevent and reduce female delinquency.
Abstract: The review of research on gender similarities and differences in risk and protective factors found that girls and boys experience many of the same risks, but they differ in sensitivity to and rate of exposure to these risks. As a result, they may have different programming needs. Highlights from the secondary data analysis address trends in girls’ violence as evidenced by arrests and self-reports, resilience factors for girls, the link between sexual abuse and female delinquency, and pathways to delinquency for girls. Highlights from the review of 143 screening and assessment instruments for girls show their inability to identify behaviors accurately and a tendency to produce inappropriate or misclassification. Only 3 out of 35 gender-appropriate risk assessment instruments were developed and tested across multiple jurisdictions. Fifty-one percent of the 143 instruments reviewed provided separate norms or scoring systems for girls or showed favorable gender analysis. The review of programs designed to prevent and reduce female delinquency found that out of 62 programs reviewed, 18 had been evaluated. None of the 18 programs met the criteria for being rated as “effective,” “effective with reservation,” or “ineffective.” Four programs met the criteria for being rated as “promising” four met the criteria for a rating as “inconclusive evidence;“ and 10 programs met the criteria for a rating as “insufficient evidence.” Products from the Girls Study Group are listed.
Main Term(s): Female juvenile delinquents
Index Term(s): Child abuse as crime factor; Child abuse as delinquency factor; Child Sexual Abuse; Diagnostic and reception processing; Gender issues; Instrument validation; Juvenile program evaluation; Male female juvenile offender comparisons; Trend analysis; Violence causes; Violent females; Violent juvenile offenders
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