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NCJ Number: 239354 Find in a Library
Title: Introduction & Overview: Juvenile Justice Guide Book for Legislators
Corporate Author: National Conference of State Legislatures
United States of America
Date Published: December 2011
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Conference of State Legislatures
Denver, CO 80202
Sale Source: National Conference of State Legislatures
1560 Broadway
Suite 700
Denver, CO 80202
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This introduction and overview of the Juvenile Justice Guide Book for Legislators identifies the areas in which juvenile justice reform is occurring in the States, and brief descriptions are provided of those reforms.
Abstract: A chapter on “Adolescent Development & Competency” discusses recent research that addresses adolescent culpability compared to that of adults. A chapter on “Delinquency Prevention & Intervention” explains how early intervention in children’s lives can divert juveniles from the adverse consequences of delinquent behavior. It also discusses risk and protective factors and how they help increase or decrease the likelihood that a juvenile will engage in delinquent behavior. A chapter on “Indigent Defense, Counsel & Procedural Issues” highlights the challenges States face in providing adequate legal defense for juvenile offenders, especially those who are indigent. It explores promising options States have adopted in addressing legal services for juveniles; these include making it more difficult for juveniles to waive counsel and changing processes in order to streamline and improve data collection in pertinent to Medicaid eligibility. The section on “Reentry & Aftercare” discusses post-release supervision and services as youth make the transition from residential facilities to their home communities. A section on “Disproportionate Minority Contact” examines the overrepresentation of youth of color in the juvenile justice system and discusses State action for studying and addressing such disproportionality. A section on “Mental Health Needs of Juvenile Offenders” focuses on effective assessment and comprehensive response to court-involved juveniles with mental health needs. “References, Glossary & Resources” provides source documentation of research discussed in the text and citations to legislation. Other sections address the “Use of Medicaid for Juvenile Justice-Involved Children” and “Balanced & Restorative Justice,” whose goals are community protection, offender accountability, and competency development.
Main Term(s): Juvenile codes
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Aftercare/juvenile parole; Children at risk; Defense; Defense counsel; Defense services; Indigent Defense; Juvenile Aftercare; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile mental health services; Minority overrepresentation; Reentry; Restorative Justice; Youth development
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