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NCJ Number: 247022 Find in a Library
Title: Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders: A Statewide Analysis of Prevalence and Prediction of Subsequent Recidivism Using Risk and Protective Factors
Journal: Criminology and Public Policy  Volume:13  Issue:1  Dated:February 2014  Pages:83-116
Author(s): Michael T. Baglivio; Katherine Jackowski; Mark A. Greenwald; James C. Howell
Date Published: February 2014
Page Count: 34
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study assessed the prevalence of serious, violent, and chronic offenders across 5 years (2007-2012) of delinquency referrals to the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice.
Abstract: For the full sample of 363,617 juvenile offenders, 43.5 percent did not meet criteria for serious, violent, or chronic (SVC) offenders, 54.7 percent had serious offense histories; 29.0 percent had violent offense histories; 15.4 percent were chronic offenders; and fewer than 8.9 percent were SVC offenders. SVC youth were almost three times more likely than other juvenile offenders to have been 12 years old or younger when they received their first official delinquency referral. Males were approximately twice as likely as females to meet SVC criteria. Black youth met criteria for SVC at a rate twice that of Hispanic youth and 2.5 times that of White youth. SVC youth had fewer protective factors in 12 of 16 factors examined. Very few dynamic risk or protective factors predicted whether an already categorized SVC youth would reoffend. Only current substance use (as a risk) and having prosocial attitudes (as a protective factor) predicted subsequent SVC rearrest in the expected direction. On the other hand, many risks increased and protective factors decreased a non-SVC youth’s likelihood of reoffending. These findings are helpful in targeting the dynamic risk and protective factors most likely to change offending patterns for SVC youth. Substance abuse treatment and treatment that develops prosocial attitudes are apparently the most important intervention targets for SVC youth. 7 tables, 1 figure, 73 references, and appended Pact Scoring Matrix and Domains
Main Term(s): Juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Florida; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile Protective Factors; Juvenile Recidivism; Juvenile Risk Factors; Recidivism prediction; Serious juvenile offenders; Violent juvenile offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=269121

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