skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 249244 Find in a Library
Title: Coming Home to Harlem: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Harlem Parole Reentry Court
Author(s): Lama H. Ayoub; Tia Pooler
Corporate Author: Center for Court Innovation
United States of America
Date Published: October 2015
Page Count: 124
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
Center for Court Innovation
New York, NY 10018
Grant Number: 2009-CZ-BX-0051;2013-CZ-BX-0033
Sale Source: Center for Court Innovation
520 Eighth Avenue, 18th Floor
New York, NY 10018
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Program/Project Evaluation; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using a randomized controlled trial design, this study examined the impact of the Harlem Parole Reentry Court, which is a specialized court whose objective is to reduce the recidivism of persons returning to the Harlem community after release from prison to parole status.
Abstract: The study found that at 18 months after release, all reported recidivism rates trended lower for reentry court participants (51 percent rearrested) compared with the control group (56 percent rearrested), and many of the differences were statistically significant. Reentry court parolees were also significantly less likely than the control group to be reconvicted within 18 months (29 percent v. 37 percent). Both the reentry court participants and the controls had revocation rates that were historically lower than those reported by the New York State Department of Corrections and Community supervision (DOCCS). Reentry court participants were significantly more likely than controls to report current school enrollment or employment, report income from a job or support from family members, and have a significantly higher score on the overall quality of family relationships. Reentry court participants also had more favorable reports on housing, ongoing needs, mental health, victimization, criminogenic peers, and substance use; however, the differences between the groups in these areas did not reach statistical significance. Randomly assigned parolees were released between June 2010 and February 2013. A total of 504 parolees participated in the study (213 reentry court participants and 291 traditional parole participants). The two groups were similar in criminal history and instant case characteristics. Reentry court elements included pre-release engagement, assessment, and reentry planning; active judicial oversight of parole; coordination of support services; graduated sanctions; and positive incentives for good performance. 24 tables, 4 figures, and appended methodological details and tools
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): BJA Grant-related Documents; BJA Resources; Comparative analysis; Parole casework; Parole effectiveness; Parole statistics; Parolees; Probation or parole services; Recidivism statistics; Reentry; Specialty Courts
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.