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NCJ Number: 249259 Find in a Library
Title: Changes in Community Characteristics and Juvenile Violence During the 1990s: An Examination of Large Counties
Author(s): Christopher S. Koper; Reagan M. Daly; Jeffrey A. Roth
Date Published: July 2011
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2001-JN-FX-K001
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical); Statistics
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study - a product of the University of Pennsylvania’s project on “Understanding the ‘Whys’ Behind Juvenile Crime Trends - examined changes in selected community characteristics in relation to trends in violence by juveniles in a sample of large urban and suburban counties during the 1990s.
Abstract: The study found that the reductions in violence by juveniles between 1994 and 2001 were accelerated by reductions in violence by adults, reductions in unemployment, reductions in concentrated poverty, and reductions in drug offending by juveniles. Other changes that occurred during this period were increases in owner-occupied housing, increases in divorce, and increases in the Hispanic population. These factors related to trends in crime by juveniles varied during different periods of the 1990s; however, their effects were modest and did not explain much of the downward trend in violence by juveniles during this period. This suggests that the decline in violence by juveniles was largely driven by a host of social, cultural, and/or policy factors that operated independently of the changes in the community characteristics examined in this study. The authors caution, however, that this conclusion must be tempered by several limitations to the data and the analysis. The analysis examined changes in violence by juveniles from 1994 through 2001 in a sample of 129 U.S. counties with a population of 250,000 or more as of 1994 and that had high levels of crime reporting to the Uniform Crime reports (UCR) from 1994 through 1998.. The counties in the sample composed 39 percent of the Nation’s population in both 1990 and 2000 and accounted for 43 percent of the Nation’s decrease in arrests of juveniles on violence charges between 1994 and 1998; however, these counties were not randomly chosen; therefore, caution should be used in extrapolating the results to other counties nationwide. 6 tables and 16 references
Main Term(s): Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Economic influences; Juvenile arrest statistics; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency research; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Political influences; Social conditions; Trend analysis
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