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NCJ Number: 249343 Find in a Library
Title: How Much DNA Is Lost? Measuring DNA Loss of Short-Tandem-Repeat Length Fragments Targeted by the PowerPlex 16 (R) System Using the Qiagen MinElute Purification Kit
Journal: Human Biology  Volume:86  Issue:4  Dated:October 2014  Pages:313-329
Author(s): Brian M. Kemp; Misa Winters; Cara Monroe; Jodi Lynn Barta
Date Published: October 2014
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2011-DN-BX-K549
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using quantitative PCR to estimate the copy count of synthetic standards before (i.e., “copies in”) and after (i.e., “copies out”) purification by the Qiagen MinElute PCR Purification Kit, this study documented DNA loss within a pool of 16 different-sized fragments ranging from 106 to 409 bp in length, corresponding to those targeted by the PowerPlex 16 System (Promega, Madison, WI
Abstract: The success in recovering genetic profiles from aged and degraded biological samples is diminished by fundamental aspects of DNA extraction, as well as its long-term preservation, that are not well understood. Although numerous studies have been conducted to determine whether one extraction method is superior to others, nearly all of them were initiated with no knowledge of the actual starting DNA quantity in the samples prior to extraction, so they ultimately compared the outcome of all methods relative to the best. The current study used quantitative PCR to estimate the copy count of synthetic standards before (i.e., “copies in”) and after (i.e., “copies out”) purification by the Qiagen MinElute PCR Purification Kit. DNA loss was documented within a pool of 16 different-sized fragments ranging from 106 to 409 bp in length, corresponding to those targeted by the PowerPlex 16 System (Promega, Madison, WI). Across all standards from 104 to 107 copies/ìL, loss averaged between 21.75 percent and 60.56 percent (mean, 39.03 percent), which is not congruent with Qiagen's claim that 80 percent of 70 bp to 4 kb fragments are retained using this product (i.e., 20-percent loss). The study did not find a clear relationship between DNA strand length and retention or between starting copy number and retention. This suggests that there is no molecule bias across the MinElute column membrane and highlights the need for manufacturers to clearly and accurately describe on what their claims are based, and should also encourage researchers to document DNA retention efficiencies of their own methods and protocols. Understanding how and where to reduce loss of molecules during extraction and purification will produce clearer and more accurate data, which will enhance the utility of ancient and low-copy-number DNA as a tool for closing forensic cases or in reconstructing the evolutionary history of humans and other organisms. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Forensic sciences
Index Term(s): DNA extraction; DNA Typing; NIJ grant-related documents; NIJ Resources; Suspect identification; Testing and measurement; Victim identification
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=271487

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