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NCJ Number: 249377 Find in a Library
Title: Metropolitan Local Crime Clusters: Structural Concentration Effects and the Systemic Model
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:43  Issue:3  Dated:June 2015  Pages:186-194
Author(s): Lallen T. Johnson; Ralph B. Taylor; Elizabeth R. Groff
Date Published: June 2015
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2009-IJ-CX-0026
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using community structure and the racial-spatial divide as a framework, this study examined whether geographic sub-regions of violent crime existed in a large metropolitan area, and whether the systemic model of crime can predict them; in addition, surrounding social structure measures were included to determine whether they demonstrate the same violent crime links seen in recent work on concentration impacts.
Abstract: Models confirmed links of focal jurisdiction socioeconomic status and residential stability with sub-region classification. Models with spatially lagged predictors show powerful impacts of spatially lagged racial composition. Findings extend work on racial concentration effects and the basic systemic model to metropolitan sub-regions. Implications for shifting spatial inequalities in metropolitan structure and questions about responsible dynamics merit attention. A LISA analysis was used to identify violent crime clusters for 355 jurisdictions in the Philadelphia (PA)-Camden (NJ) primary metropolitan area over a 9-year period. Multinomial logit hierarchical/mixed effects models were used to predict cluster classification using focal and lagged structural covariates. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Black/White Crime Comparisons; Crime Risk Factors; Geographic distribution of crime; NIJ grant-related documents; NIJ Resources; Race-crime relationships; Risk and Protective Factors; Social conditions; Violent crimes
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