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NCJ Number: 249379 Find in a Library
Title: Increased Death Rates of Domestic Violence Victims From Arresting vs. Warning Suspects in the Milwaukee Domestic Violence Experiment (MilDVE)
Journal: Journal of Experimental Criminology  Volume:11  Issue:1  Dated:March 2015  Pages:1-20
Author(s): Lawrence W. Sherman; Heather M. Harris
Date Published: March 2015
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 86-IJ-CX-KO43, 86-IJ-CX-0037
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined death rates from all causes among victims of misdemeanor domestic violence 23 years after random assignment of their abusers to arrests vs. warnings.
Abstract: Victims were 64 percent more likely to have died of all causes if their partners were arrested and jailed than if warned and allowed to remain at home (p = .037, 95 percent CI = risk ratio of 1:1.024 to 1:2.628). Among the 791 African-American victims, arrest increased mortality by 98 percent (p = .019); among 334 White victims, arrest increased mortality by only 9 percent (95 percent CI = RR of 1:0.489 to 1:2.428). The highest victim death rate across four significant differences found in all 22 moderator tests was within the group of 192 African-American victims who held jobs: 11 percent died after partner arrests, but none after warnings (d = .8, p = .003). Murder of the victims caused only 3 of all 91 deaths; heart disease and other internal morbidity caused most victim deaths. Thus, partner arrests for domestic common assault apparently increased premature death for their victims, especially African-Americans. Victims who held jobs at the time of police response suffered the highest death rates, but only if they were African-American. Replications and detailed risk factor studies are needed to confirm these conclusions, which may support repeal or judicial invalidation of state-level mandatory arrest laws. The study obtained State and national death data on all 1,125 victims (89 percent female; 70 percent African-American; mean age = 30) enrolled by Milwaukee Police in 1987–88, after 98 percent treatment as randomly assigned. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Black/White Crime Comparisons; Comparative analysis; Death investigations; Domestic assault prevention; Domestic/Intimate Partner Violence; Minnesota; NIJ grant-related documents; NIJ Resources; Police domestic violence training; Police effectiveness
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