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NCJ Number: 249634 Find in a Library
Title: Desistance for a Long-Term Drug-Involved Sample of Adult Offenders: The Importance of Identity Transformation
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:43  Issue:2  Dated:February 2016  Pages:164-186
Author(s): R. Bachman; E. Kerrison; R. Paternoster; D. O'Connell; L. Smith
Date Published: February 2016
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2008-IJ-CX-0017
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English; Spanish
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using a mixed-race sample of male and female drug-involved offenders who were released from prison in the early 1990s and re-interviewed in 2009 through 2011, this study represents perhaps the first attempt to determine the utility of the identity theory of desistance (ITD) in explaining desistance in a contemporary cohort of adult drug-involved offenders.
Abstract: Supporting the ITD, interview narratives revealed that the vast majority of offenders who successfully desisted from crime and substance misuse had first transformed their offender identity into a non-offender identity. Although partnership and employment did not appear to be significant turning points per se for the majority of respondents, rekindling relationships with extended family and finding living-wage employment did serve to solidify new prosocial identities once the transformation had occurred. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Drug offenders
Index Term(s): Attitude change; Drug abuse causes; Drug treatment programs; Longitudinal studies; NIJ grant-related documents; NIJ Resources; Offender attitudes; Self concept; Self evaluation; Treatment effectiveness
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=271780

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