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NCJ Number: 249636 Find in a Library
Title: Prescription Drug Misuse in Late Adulthood: An Empirical Examination of Competing Explanations
Journal: Journal of Drug Issues  Volume:45  Issue:4  Dated:October 2015  Pages:351-367
Author(s): K. Holtfreter; M. D. Reisig; E. N. O'Neal
Date Published: October 2015
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-IJ-CX-0008
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using cross-sectional data from telephone interviews with individuals aged 60 years and older in Arizona and Florida (N = 2,000), this study tested whether hypotheses derived from general strain and low self-control theories are supported while investigating misusing prescription medication.
Abstract: Results from the regression analyses reveal that the association between poor health (conceptualized as a strain) and misusing prescription drugs (conceptualized as criminal coping) is partially explained by depressive symptoms (conceptualized as negative emotionality). The link between problem drinking and prescription drug misuse is fully attenuated when low self-control is included in the model. The results confirm that both theories provide insight into this public health problem and that treatment strategies should target the underlying mechanisms that lead to misuse. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): Arizona; Drug abuse causes; Elderly offenders; Florida; NIJ grant-related documents; NIJ Resources; Nonprescription Drug Abuse; Prescription drugs; Self Control; Strain theory
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