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NCJ Number: 249659 Find in a Library
Title: Measuring Educational Outcomes for At-Risk Children and Youth: Issues With the Validity of Self-Reported Data
Journal: Child & Youth Care Forum  Volume:44  Issue:6  Dated:December 2015  Pages:853-873
Author(s): A. C. Teye; L. Peaslee
Date Published: December 2015
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: Q215F120107
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the validity of academic and attendance self-reporting among children and youth.
Abstract: Youth programs often rely on self-reported data without clear evidence as to the accuracy of these reports. Although the validity of self-reporting has been confirmed among some high school and college age students, one area that is absent from extant literature is a serious investigation among younger children. Moreover, there is theoretical evidence suggesting limited generalizability in extending findings on older students to younger populations. The findings of the current study indicate that children and youth reported their individual grades and attendance poorly. Younger and lower performing children were more likely to report falsely; however, there is some evidence that a mean construct measure of major subjects GPA is a slightly more valid indicator of academic achievement. Based on these findings, the authors advise researchers and practitioners to exercise caution in using self-reported grades and attendance indicators from young and low-performing students. The study used original data collected from 288 children and youth using Big Brothers Big Sisters enrollment and assessment data, paired with school-records from two local school divisions. Initially, the study used percent agreement, validity coefficients, and average measures ICC scores to assess the response validity of self-reported academic and attendance measures. It then estimated the effects of several moderating factors on reporting agreement (using standardized difference scores). The study also accounted for cross-informant associations with child reported GPA using a moderated multiple regression model. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency research
Index Term(s): Data collection devices; Data collections; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Research methods; Self reported crimes; Self-report studies
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