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NCJ Number: 249666 Find in a Library
Title: Moving In and Out of Poverty: The Within-Individual Association Between Socioeconomic Status and Juvenile Delinquency
Journal: Plos One  Volume:10  Issue:11  Dated:November 2015
Author(s): R. Rekker; D. Pardini; L. Keijsers; S. Branje; R. Loeber; W. Meeus
Date Published: November 2015
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 96-MU-FX-0012
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A family’s socioeconomic status (SES) can be changeable over time. This study was the first to examine whether such within-individual changes in family SES are associated with parallel fluctuations in boys’ delinquent behavior from childhood to adolescence.
Abstract: Participants were a community sample of boys and their caregivers (N = 503) who were assessed annually for 10 consecutive years spanning ages 7–18. Fixed effects models revealed that changes in familial SES were related to changes in delinquency: Youths were more likely to offend during years in which their parents’ SES was lower than during years in which their parents’ SES was higher. Contrary to expectations, the study found no evidence that this association was accounted for by families moving to different neighborhoods or by changes in parenting. Since within-individual models provide a stricter test of causality than between-individual models, these findings support claims that impacting familial SES may have a direct effect on youths’ delinquency. (Publisher abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Economic influences; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Poverty and crime; Social change; Social change-delinquency relationship; Socioeconomic Status
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