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NCJ Number: 249681 Find in a Library
Title: National Sources of Law Enforcement Employment Data
Author(s): Duren Banks; Joshua Hendrix; Matthew Hickman; Tracey Kyckelhahn
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: April 2016
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Instructional Material; Issue Overview; Report (Technical Assistance); Statistics; Survey
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report describes the similarities and differences among the three national data resources that collect law enforcement employment statistics and discusses when the use of one may be preferred over the others.
Abstract: The FBI, U.S. Census Bureau, and the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) data collection programs report law enforcement employment statistics and other information distinctive to each collection. The three data-collection programs have different purposes, data definitions, respondent universes, and collection procedures. The FBI has administered the Uniform Crime Reporting Program (UCR) since 1930. Under the UCR program, State and local law enforcement agencies voluntarily report crimes known to them, arrest information, and law enforcement employment data. Since 1957, the Census Bureau’s Government Division has conducted the Annual Survey of Public Employment and Payroll (ASPEP) in order to determine the number of Federal, State, and local civilian government employees and their gross monthly payroll for March of the survey year. The ASPEP collects employment information for the Federal Government and State and local governments. In 1983, BJS awarded a grant to the University of Maryland to review existing law enforcement data collections, focusing on both the quality and utility of the data. The basic structure of recurring BJS law enforcement data collection includes two parts. One part, which is conducted about every 4 years, collects a limited and essential core set of measures of police agencies, providing an accurate sampling frame for the second part of the collection. The second part uses a more detailed sample survey of law enforcement agencies and is conducted in years between the census years. A comparative table shows the features of each of the three data collections. The report concludes with a discussion of when and how to use each of the three data sources to obtain law enforcement employment data. 12 tables and 3 figures
Main Term(s): Police statistics
Index Term(s): BJS Resources; Comparative analysis; Data collection devices; Data collections; Databases; Employment and expenditure data; FBI Uniform Crime Reports; Police department surveys; Police employment/expenditure data; Surveys; US Census Bureau
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