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NCJ Number: 249693 Find in a Library
Title: Model Programs Guide Literature Review: Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment
Series: OJJDP Model Programs Guide Literature Reviews
Corporate Author: Development Services Group, Inc.
United States of America
Date Published: 2010
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Development Services Group, Inc.
Bethesda, MD 20814
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2010-MU-FX-K001
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Instructional Material; Issue Overview; Literature Review; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After explaining the features and objectives of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy/Treatment (CBT), this report reviews the literature on the uses and effectiveness of CBT in changing problem behaviors in the the following areas: 1) violence and criminality; 2) substance use and abuse; 3) teen pregnancy and risky sexual behaviors; and 4) school failure.
Abstract: CBT combines two kinds of psychotherapy, i.e., cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy. Cognitive therapy focuses on identifying and changing thoughts, assumptions, and beliefs that underlie specific problem behaviors. Behavioral therapy focuses on the development of specific behaviors and contexts that can supplant or weaken harmful and debilitating behaviors. Evaluation research has documented the beneficial effects of the combination of cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy. Regarding substance use and abuse, CBT has proven to alter faulty beliefs and attitudes about the universality of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use while teaching behaviors that both avoid and resist the contexts and stimuli that trigger drug use and abuse. CBT has also been effective in countering the thoughts, justifications, and rationales that underlie delinquent, criminal, and violent behavior. Meta-analyses of CBT programs designed for criminal offenders indicate they have been highly effective in reducing recidivism rates. Programs designed to reduce harm related to adolescent sexual behavior have also successfully used CBT strategies to forestall the initiation of sexual activity and meet the health need of adolescents who are currently sexually active. CBT strategies have also been used to address self-defeating thoughts linked to poor school performance and misperceptions about the value of committing to educational goals. 28 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile treatment methods
Index Term(s): Adolescent pregnancy; Behavior modification; Cognitive therapy; cognitive-behavioral therapy; criminal behavior; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile Delinquent behavior; Juvenile drug treatment; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; School maladjustment; Sexual behavior
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